Since the human being has seen the need to shape metals to evolve the use of conventional tools and connect with more resistant surfaces and materials, lathes, in general, have played an important role in creating pieces of metallic character In this way, the design, shape, size, accuracy, weight and manufacturing considerations began to acquire more meaning and importance. This led to the creation of powerful technological tools that would provide these precise conditions, which, in turn, become practical and very useful. The creation and massification of the dmg mori CNC lathe derive from that ambition to create more rigorous and detailed machines with the final results.
Unlike manual lathes, CNC lathes, whose acronym means “computerized numerical control,” are characterized by more thorough finishes due to their alphanumeric control systems. This innovative procedure allows different functions and cuts, whether horizontal, vertical, and/or curved, in a relatively shorter time compared to classic lathes. As a mechanized tool, CNC lathes operate through a numerical control previously assigned by a computer, which is incorporated inside and encodes the functions that the person in charge wishes to perform in full rotating movement.
The alphanumeric language (letters and numbers) that is attributed to your system specifically in “G codes,” gives you a wide versatility and use as far as complex parts finishes are concerned. In this sense, CNC lathes have revolutionized the functions of drilling and turning in the mechanical industry, especially those that are dedicated to the mass production of metal parts and the positioning of new instruments in the market.
How does a CNC lathe work?
To fundamentally understand how the computerized system operates, it is important to highlight the type of programming that is implemented within the machine to achieve the desired objectives. The “G codes” mentioned above comprise a vector programming language that assimilates actions, parameters, and simple geometric entities that any human being can grant to the machine. For example, what figure do you want to achieve (straight segments, arcs, circumferences, curves), and at what speed do you want the machine to work in the process.
For greater approximation and technological universalization, most machines with CNC system work with this programmatic language. This standardization was promoted by ISO standards and gave the mechanical industry and engineering a breakthrough in terms of adaptation, manufacturing, and commodification.
Nowadays, CNC lathes make up ideal equipment for a series of machining jobs that require high precision. This type of machinery allows you to machine, thread, trapeze, drill, engrave, groove and cylinder parts in a geometric way in a few minutes (screws, nuts, rollers, shafts, pinions, among others) On an industrial level, the main advantages of the CNC lathes range from the reduction in inventory costs that it brings to its easy control and understanding.